What is considered controlled type 2 diabetes?
As a person with diabetes, you’re considered well-controlled if your A1C (used to monitor how well your diabetes treatment is working over time) value is between 6.5 to 7% or lower. This also means that your average blood sugars are between 140 to 154 mg/dL.
Can type 2 diabetes be controlled with insulin?
If type 2 diabetes develops, your body’s ability to produce sufficient insulin may decrease and it may be appropriate to take insulin injections to control your diabetes. Some people may be apprehensive about switching onto insulin injections.
How does a person with type 2 diabetes control their insulin levels?
Sometimes people with type 2 diabetes take pills that help the insulin in their bodies work better. Some also need insulin shots or an insulin pump to control their diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes have to pay a little more attention to what they’re eating and doing than people who don’t have diabetes.
What is a good number for diabetes?
A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.
What is the best medicine for diabetes type 2?
Metformin is generally the preferred initial medication for treating type 2 diabetes, unless there’s a specific reason not to use it. Metformin is effective, safe, and inexpensive. It may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Metformin also has beneficial effects when it comes to reducing A1C results.
Can you be insulin resistant and not diabetic?
In people with insulin resistance, the cells are unable to use insulin effectively. When the cells cannot absorb glucose, levels of this sugar build up in the blood. If glucose, or blood sugar, levels are higher than usual but not high enough to indicate diabetes, doctors refer to this as prediabetes.
What do you do if your blood sugar is too high for type 2 diabetes?
How Is It Treated?
- Drink more water. Water helps remove excess sugar from your blood through urine, and it helps you avoid dehydration.
- Exercise more.
- Caution: If you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is high, you need to check your urine for ketones.
- Change your eating habits.
- Switch medications.
How to control blood sugar in type 2 diabetes?
You can also begin to work out what portions of a particular food type your body can tolerate without raising your sugar levels too high. Low-carbohydrate diets have shown to be effective in people with type 2 diabetes, leading to improved blood glucose levels and reducing dependency on medication.
Why do people with Type 2 diabetes not use insulin?
If you have diabetes: Your glucose levels will continue to rise after you eat because there’s not enough insulin to move the glucose into your body’s cells. People with type 2 diabetes don’t use insulin efficiently (insulin resistance) and don’t produce enough insulin (insulin deficiency). People with type 1 diabetes make little or no insulin.
When to take correction insulin for type 2 diabetes?
Correction doses can significantly impact blood glucose levels. For example, if you generally take 6 units of insulin aspart with lunch but your blood glucose level before lunch is 250 mg/dl, your usual 6 units will not adequately lower both the current high blood glucose and the anticipated rise from lunch.
Is it important to control blood sugar levels?
So, the answer is yes, it is important to control glucose levels as best as possible. In people with type 1 diabetes who are on insulin and in some people with type 2 diabetes, efforts to have control too tight may result in too many episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
How is insulin used to control type 2 diabetes?
Just as in type 1 diabetes, insulin is a way to control your blood glucose level. With type 2 diabetes, though, dietary changes, increasing physical activity, and some oral medications are usually enough to bring your blood glucose to a normal level.
How does insulin resistance affect Type 2 diabetes?
Insulin resistance. Insulin is a key player in developing type 2 diabetes. This vital hormone—you can’t survive without it—regulates blood sugar (glucose) in the body, a very complicated process. Here are the high points: The food you eat is broken down into blood sugar.
When do you need an insulin pump for type 2 diabetes?
An insulin pump requires more training to learn how to use it. Often after having type 2 diabetes for a long time, oral medications may not work as well as they used to. If that happens, insulin is a way to keep blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in control.
What should your blood sugar be if you have type 2 diabetes?
Target blood glucose levels for people with type 2 diabetes are: 4 to 7 mmol/l before meals and when fasting. 4 to 8.5 mmol/l 2 hours following meals.